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Desegregation of Public Facilities go to audio

Even though laws had been passed to guarantee black the rights to vote, other areas of American society remained closed to blacks. Most notable among these areas is the public accommodations sector. Segregation dictated that blacks and whites occupy "separate but equal" facilities at all times. In reality, this meant that blacks often did not have access to white-operated hotels, swimming pools, restaurants, banks, department stores, and the like. Since these facilities were virtually nonexistent in the separate black community, blacks simply did without.

As a result, blacks began to put pressure on local business and political leaders to open up these facilities to the entire community. When whites refused to concur with black demands, boycotts, pickets, and lawsuits were implemented to obtain compliance with their desires. Over time, white bankers, store owners, and city officials collapsed under what amounted to an economic assault. After all, it was much cheaper to integrate a swimming pool than it was to build one. Store owners believed it more palatable to hire black workers than to continue losing business due to adverse publicity. Once these walls came tumbling down, blacks no longer had to suffer the indignities of going to the back door or, in many cases, not going at all.

audioClick on the play button to hear the following excerpt. 
                                                                                                                         Total time: 1 minute, 8 seconds
He said, "You need to watch them. They don't intend for Earl to be on the team down there with them."

I said, "OK." I said, "But I'll tell you what. I was at the trials. I saw just what any kid, all of those kids, I saw their skills." I said, "And if Earl is not picked up," I said, "Y'all get ready. Y'all won't have a ball park down there this summer. Y'all won't have a recreational baseball league this summer." I said, "I promise you that. So, you can go back and tell them."

So, he said, "Whatever." But a few nights passed; a few days. And the phone finally rang, and it was Coach Turner.

"Ms. Sanders," he said. "Earl is on my team." And blah, blah, whatever.

I said, "OK. Whatever."

When he was at high school, Jackson State, he broke every record.

-- Franzetta Sanders, former civil rights activist from Moss Point, Mississippi
(She was the plaintiff who sued the Moss Point school system to admit the first black students there in the 1960s.)