February 1, 1960:
Initiation of student sit-ins in Greensboro, North Carolina
Four students from North Carolina A & T attempted to desegregate Woolworth's lunch counter. After being denied service on the first day, they left, only to return the following day with their friends. Again, they were denied service, but by the end of the week, their bravery had prompted hundreds to join them, and Woolworth's finally agreed to desegregate. The success of this sit-in sparked similar ones throughout the South and led to the formation of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, which was set up to direct the activities of students working in the civil rights movement.
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