Dr. Charlotte Brunner

Professor

Dr. Brunner uses live and fossil planktonic and benthic foraminifers and other proxies of the marine environment to infer the environmental history of the oceans. She has participated in research cruises, including dives on board the DSRV Alvin and five legs with the Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) on board the D/V JOIDES Resolution. Her most recent grants fund work on the effects of the Deepwater Horizon disaster on the benthos near the Macondo well head and in coastal marshes. In addition, she is currently funded to study hypoxic events in the Mississippi bight; subsidence of coastal marshes of Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas over the last 6 thousand years; and the effects of methane venting on sedimentation at the Woolsey Vents monitoring site in the northern Gulf of Mexico.

 

Courses

  • Geology of Marshes (MAR 684 – Special Topics)
    The geomorphology and sedimentation of modern marshes and adjacent environments, the effects of hydrologic, geochemical, biologic, and physical processes (i.e., tides, storms, floods, fire) on marsh sediments; the litho- and bio-stratigraphy of modern and ancient marshes (Paleogene); the effects of subsidence and eustatic sea-level change; impact of the oilspill.
  • Marine Micropaleontology (MAR 684 -Special Topics)
    Survey of the biology, distribution, deposition, evolution, paleoceanography and biostratigraphy of benthic and planktonic foraminifers, radiolarians, calcareous nannofossils, and marine diatoms.
  • Foraminiferida (MAR 684 -Special Topics)
    Taxonomic survey of foraminifers.
  • Marine Sediments and Sedimentation (MAR 620)
    Principal marine sedimentary environments and depositional processes.
  • Paleoceanography (MAR 684 -Special Topics)
    Methods and approaches used in the study of history of the oceans, detailed exploration of selected critical events in ocean history during the Cenozoic and Mesozoic Eras.
  • Geological Oceanography (MAR581)
    Study of the formation and deformation of the oceanic crust and the distribution and character of marine sediments.
  • Geological Oceanography Laboratory (MAR581L)
    Examination and interpretation of marine geological samples and data.

 

Selected Publications

Brunner, C.A., Yeager, K.M., Hatch, R., Simpson, S., Keim, J., Briggs, K.B., and Louchouarn, P., 2013, Effects of Oil from the Macondo Well Blowout on Marsh Foraminifera of Mississippi and Louisiana, USA. Environmental Science and Technology, v. 47 (16): 9115-9123.

Macelloni, L., Brunner, C., Caruso, S., Lutken, C., D'Emidio, M., and Lapham, L., 2013. Spatial distribution of seafloor bio-geological and geochemical processes as proxies of fluid flux regime and evolution of a carbonate/hydrates mound, northern Gulf of Mexico, Deep-Sea Research I, v. 74, p. 25-38.

Feagin, R.A., Yeager, K.M., Brunner, C.A., and Paine, J.G., 2013, Active fault motion in a coastal wetland: Matagorda, Texas, Geomorphology, v. 199, p. 150-159.

Yeager, K.M., Brunner, C.A., Kulp, M.A., Fischer, D., Feagin, R.A., Schindler, K.J., Prouhet, J., and Bera, G., in press, Significance of active growth faulting on marsh accretion processes in the lower Pearl River, Louisiana, Geomorphology., v. 153-154, p. 127–143.

Ingram, W.C., S.R. Meyers, C.A. Brunner, and C.S. Martins, 2010, Evaluation of Late Pleistocene-Holocene sedimentation surrounding an active seafloor gas hydrate and cold seep field on the Northern Gulf of Mexico Slope, Marine Geology, 278(104): 43-53.

Macelloni, L., S. Caruso, L. Lapham, C. Lutken, C. Brunner, and A. Lowrie, 2010, Spatial distribution of seafloor biogeological and geochemical processes as proxy to evaluate fluid-flux regime and time evolution of a complex carbonate/ hydrates mound, northern Gulf of Mexico: Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies Transactions, 60: 461-480.

McGee, T., Lutken, C., Rogers, R., Brunner, C., Dearman, J., Lynch, F. and Woolsey, R., 2009, Can Fractures in Soft Sediments Host Significant Quantities of Gas Hydrates? Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 319(1): 29-49.

Brunner, C. A., J. Beall, S. Bentley, and Y. Furukawa, 2006, Hypoxia hotspots in the Mississippi Bight, Journal of Foraminiferal Research, 36(2): 95-107.

Brunner, C.A., and P.E. Biscaye, 2003, Production and resuspension of planktonic foraminifers at the shelf break of the southern Middle Atlantic Bight. Deep-Sea Research, Part I, 50:247-268.