Dr. Robert "Bob" Arnone

Research Professor

  • Ocean remote sensing of physical and bio-optical processes 
  • Coupling and assimilation of remote sensing and insitu properties with ocean models 
  • Satellite validation and calibration for characterizing climate change  
  • Ocean optics for characterizing ocean color, water properties and LASER propagation 
  • Ocean gliders, optical instrumentation and hyperspectral sensing. 

Robert Arnone's expertise is in the coupling biological optical and physical processes using ocean color satellite combined with ocean models. He has developed bio-optical algorithms from satellites and applied to ecological forecasting models using data assimilation from ship and gliders. He has developed new at sea optical instrumentation for measuring optical properties of ocean waters.  

Robert Arnone leads the National Ocean    calibration and validation efforts for the Joint Polar Satellite System  for NOAA, NASA, and Navy  the NPP satellite  ocean calibration and validation  team with NOAA and university for SST and ocean color.  He managed  NRL’s  Hyperspectral satellite Hyperspectral Imaging of the Coastal Environment (HICO) which was successfully launched to the International Space Station (Aug 2009).  He serves on science teams for NASA, NOAA, EPA and Navy for developing future satellite systems and for establishing policy for ocean and coastal research (MODIS, SeaWIFS, VIIRS, GEOCAPE ,HICO).

He has over 120 scientific publications and >250 presentations in the areas of physical and bio-optical ocean processes.  He has lead over 15 major national and international scientific oceanographic expeditions in the world oceans including   Arabian Sea, Mediterranean, Japan East  Sea,  Iceland Greenland, and Gulf Stream . He has received awards for   honors for “science to operations” transitions and NRL   publication awards 1998 , 2002, 2008. He has received 2 Navy patents and NASA honors for astronaut training programs. He has received awards for  Navy Meritorious Civilian Service Award  ; US Dept of Navy - honors, and; NASA - honors for Shuttle Astronaut Training program,    Navy Royalty Transition award.  Her has served on graduate student committees at USM, RSMAS, and University of Southern Alabama.   

Robert Arnone retired from the Navy Research Laboratory as head of the Ocean Science Branch.


Professional Experience

  • Research Professor University of Southern Mississippi 2012 – present
  • Branch Head Ocean Science Branch within the Ocean Technology Directorate at the Naval Research Laboratory in Stennis Space Center 2002- 2012
  • Section Head Remote Sensing and Optics Section NRL – SSC -1995 – 2002
  • Oceanographer – Remote Sensing and Modeling Division- NOARL – SSC - 1980 – 1995 



  • Leads the JPSS Satellite Ocean cal val Program of over 20 Principle Investigators from  university, gov agency (NASA, NOAA, NAVY)  
  • Conference Chair SPIE – Ocean Sensing and Monitoring,2009 – 2013   
  • Co-Leads HICO development team 
  • NOAA Technical Committee for US Hypoxia program
  • US Delegation on Coastal Oceanography to Russia 1996
  • NASA SeaWiFS  and MODIS Science team
  • NASA future missions for ACE and GeoCape Teams
  • International Exploration of the Mediterranean
  • Board Member of the Alliance for Marine Remote Sensing (AMRS) 2000 -2006, Member NOAA- “COAST” science team for GOER-R
  • Member of Joint Global Ocean Flux Experiment in the Arabian Sea
  • International Ocean Color Coordinating Committee
  • AGU EPA- Modeling, measurement and collection committee;   


Selected Recent Publications: 2007 – 2013

Hou, Weilin and R. Arnone  Editors of the Proceeding of  “Oceans Sensing and Monitoring”  SPIE Defense Security and Sensing, 2010, 2011 and 2012 ( Orlando and Baltimore)

Arnone, R., Fargion, G., Martinolich, P.,  Ladner, S., Lawson, A., Bowers, J.,  Ondrusek, M., Zibordi, G., Lee. Z., Trees, C., Davis, C.,  Ahmed, S., “Validation of the VIIRS Ocean Color “,  Proceeding SPIE Ocean Sensing and Monitoring,     April 2012

Arnone R. ,  deRada, S., Ladner, S., and Trees, C. “ Probing the subsurface ocean processes using ocean LIDARS”   SPIE Ocean Sensing and Monitoring Baltimore  6 pages,  April 2012

Lee, Z. , Du, K Kenneth J. Voss, G. Zibordi,  B. Lubac, R. Arnone, A. Weidemann,    An inherent  optical- property centered approach to correct the angular effects in water-leaving radiance - Applied Optics 1 July 2011 Vol 50 No 19  p3159 – 315

Montes-Hugo M.A, A. Weidemann, R. Gould, R. Arnone, J. Churnside, and E. Jaroz..  Ocean color patterns help to predict depth of optical layers in coastal marine waters.  Journal of Applied Remote Sensing, 5, 053548 (Sep 02, 2011); doi:10.1117/1.3634055.

Lee, Z., S. Shang, C. Hu, M. Lewis, R. Arnone, Y. Li, and B. Lubac Time series of bio-optical properties in a subtropical gyre: Implications for the evaluation of interannual trends of biogeochemical properties, J. Geophys. Res., 115, C09012,  (2010),

Glenn, S., Arnone, R., Bergman, T., Bissett, P., Crowley, M., Cullen, J., Gryzmski, J., Haidvogel, D., Kohut, J., Moline, M., Oliver, M., Orrico, C., Sherrell, R., Song, T., Weidemann, A., Chant, R. and Schofield, O., 2004. The Biogeochemical Impact of Summertime Coastal Upwelling on the New Jersey Shelf. Journal of Geophysical Research: 109 (C12S04), 2004

Lee, Z. Carder., K.L and Arnone., R.A. Deriving inherent optical properties from water color: a multiband quasi-analytical algorithm for optically deep waters “ Applied Optics Vol 41 No27 Sept 2002. p 5755-5772

Arnone, R., B. Casey, S. Ladner, D. Ko  2010   Forecasting the Coastal Optical Properties using Satellite Ocean Color,  Chapter 19 in  “Oceanography from  Space , Revisited”  Edited by V. Barale, J.F.R. Gower and L. Alberotanza, Springer 2010 p335-348

R. Arnone, B. Casey, D. Ko, S. Ladner, P. Flynn, C. Rowley, R. Gould Extending the satellite surface optics to derive the 3d optical field by defining the uncertainty of  physical – optical relationships, Ocean optics XIX Italy, 2008