Dr. William (Monty) Graham

Professor and Director, School of Ocean Science & Technology

Research Interests

  • Marine zooplankton with emphasis in gelatinous plankton ecology
  • Ecological implications of fishing and climate change in river-dominated systems
  • Long-term ecosystem dynamics in pulsed river coastal environments



MAR 402 Marine Environmental Science
MAR 682 Special Topics- Biological Oceanography
MAR 682 Special Topics- Marine Zooplankton
MAR 689 Marine Science Seminar 


Selected Publications

L.M. Chiaverano, K.W. Bayha, W.M. Graham (2016). Local versus Generalized Phenotypes in Two Sympatric Aurelia Species: Understanding Jellyfish Ecology Using Genetics and Morphometrics. PLoS ONE 11(6): e0156588. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0156588

J. Churnside, R. Marchbanks, P. Donaghay, J. Sullivan, W. Graham, R.J.D. Wells (2015). Hollow aggregations of moon jellyfish (Aurelia spp.). Journal of Plankton Research, fbv09. doi: 10.1093/plankt/fbv092. 

K. Robinson, J. Ruzicka, F. Hernandez, W. Graham, M. B. Decker, R. Brodeur, M. Sutor (2015). Evaluating energy flows through jellyfish and gulf menhaden (Brevoortia patronus) and the effects of fishing on the northern Gulf of Mexico ecosystem. ICES Journal of Marine Science: Journal du Conseil, fsv088.  doi:10.1093/icesjms/fsv088.

L. Chiaverano, W. Graham, and J. Costello (2015). Parasites alter behavior, reproductive output, and growth patterns of Aurelia medusae in a marine lake. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 540: 87-98.

S. Anderson, C. Peterson, G. Cherr, R. Ambrose, S. Anghera, S. Bay, M. Blum, R. Condon, T. Dean, W. Graham, M. Guzy, S. Hampton, S. Joye, J. Lambrinos, B. Mate, D. Meffert, Powers, S., Somasundaran, P., Spies, R., Taylor, C., Tjeerdema, R. and by NCEAS Gulf Oil Spill EcoTox Working Group (2014). Understanding and Properly Interpreting the 2010 Deepwater Horizon Blowout, in Oil Spill Remediation: Colloid Chemistry-Based Principles and Solutions (eds P. Somasundaran, P. Patra, R. S. Farinato and K. Papadopoulos), John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ. doi: 10.1002/9781118825662.ch2

Robinson, K.L., W.M. Graham. (2014). Warming of subtropical coastal waters accelerates Mnemiopsis leidyi growth and alters timing of spring ctenophore blooms. Marine Ecology Progress Series 502: 105-115. 

Olsen, Z., R. Fulford, K. Dillon, W. Graham. (2014). Trophic role of gulf menhaden Brevoortia patronus examined with carbon and nitrogen stable isotope analysis. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 497: 215-227.

Lucas, C. H., D.O.B. Jones, C.J. Hollyhead, R. H. Condon, C. M. Duarte, W.M. Graham, K. L. Robinson, K. A. Pitt, M. Schildhauer, J. Regetz. (2014). Gelatinous zooplankton biomass in the global oceans: geographic variation and environmental drivers. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 23: 701–714. doi: 10.1111/geb.12169 

D'Ambra, I., W.M. Graham, R.H. Carmichael and F.J. Hernandez, Jr. (2014). Fish rely on scyphozoan hosts as a primary food source: evidence from stable isotope analysis. Marine Biology 162(2): 247-252.  DOI: 10.1007/s00227-014-2569-5. 

Carassou, L., F.J. Hernandez and W.M. Graham. (2014). Change and recovery of coastal mesozooplankton community structure during the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Environmental Research Letters 9 124003.

Robinson, K.L., J.J. Ruzicka, M.B. Decker, R.D. Brodeur, F.J. Hernandez, J. Quiñones, E.M. Acha, S.-i. Uye, H. Mianzan, W.M. Graham (2014). Jellyfish, forage fish, and the world's major fisheries.Oceanography 27(4):104–115, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2014.90.

Graham W.M., S. Gelcich, K.L. Robinson, C. Duarte, R. Brodeur, L. Madin, H. Mianzan, K.R. Sutherland, S.-I. Uye, K. Pitt, C. Lucas, M. Bøgeberg, L. Brotz, R.H. Condon (2014). Linking human well-being and jellyfish: ecosystem services, impacts and social response. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 12(9): 515-523.

  D’Ambra, I., R.H. Carmichael and W.M. Graham (2014). Determination of δ13C and δ15N and trophic fractionation in jellyfish: implications for food web ecology. Marine Biology 161:473-480.