Research > Hydrographic Science Research Center
The Hydrographic Science Research Center (HSRC) at The University of Southern Mississippi was created to develop and broaden the applications of ocean mapping and navigation technology.
The HSRC provides research support to address the needs of governmental and commercial clients for information related to ocean navigation, the ocean floor and ocean processes. Development of the center emerged from a summit of 30 scientists from the United States and Canada, convened in October 2000 at The University of Southern Mississippi's Gulf Park campus to develop a plan for a national center of excellence in hydrography.
The director of the HSRC is Ken Barbor, who achieved the rank of Rear Admiral in the U.S. Navy, served as the Commander of Naval Meteorology and Oceanography Command, and also served as a director of the International Hydrographic Bureau in Monaco for five years. His focus is to direct the center's efforts toward improving navigation and charting capabilities for the Navy, commercial vessels, and recreational boaters.
The center is located within the USM Department of Marine Science offices in Bldg. 1020 at the Stennis Space Center.
Hydrography has traditionally been confined to providing navigation charts for the route planning and operation of surface ships. With the development of more sophisticated spectral sensors and computers, and the recent requirements for rapid environmental assessment, this traditional role has changed to the management of spatial and temporal information of all marine terrain features, processes and properties. This new role includes the acquisition, analysis and visualization of this spatial/temporal information. A major driving force in this new role is the recent technological developments in positioning, extraction of seabed information, remote sensing and the production of digital products. In addition, the modern user of hydrographic data requires complete and up-to-date marine environmental information that is easily accessible and presented in a useable form.
Hydrographic technology and methods are rapidly evolving, and HSRC personnel seek to understand emerging trends and to modify and advance these trends to provide solutions for its primary clients. In doing so, the center will (a) analyze and assess promising developments in hydrography and related sciences, (b) select those developments which have a high probability of enhancing client programs and objectives, (c) undertake research and implement new developments to blend emerging technologies with client's evolving needs, and (d) devise new approaches and techniques as required by these developments.
The HSRC with industry partner Optech, International, is designing and fielding the Coastal Zone Mapping and Imaging Lidar (CZMIL). CZMIL is a next-generation, airborne system employing Lidar, hyperspectral and digital imaging sensors to characterize the coastal environment. HSRC is coordinating the efforts of several USM researchers involved with algorithm development. Once fielded, the HSRC will verify system performance through in-situ testing and validation.
Tailored Hydrographic Instruction
Drawing on The University’s established leadership as an International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)/International Federation of Surveyors (FIG)/International Cartographic Association (ICA) Category A Certified hydrographic science education program, the HSRC can provide classroom instruction and hands-on training on virtually any aspect of hydrographic data collection, data processing, data management, and product generation. With a holistic view of hydrography from equipment installation through hydrographic production, training can be tailored to suit the client’s needs. Specific areas of expertise include:
- IHO and international organizational relationships;
- Nautical Science;
- Tides and water level theory and measurement;
- Precise positioning using:
- Static processing techniques (Network, single baseline and Precise Point Positioning solutions,
- Real Time Kinematic GPS,
- Real Time Gipsy GPS,
- Post Processing Kinematic GPS, and
- Post Processing Kinematic Precise Point Positioning;
- Hydrographic vessel configuration including:
- Equipment installation,
- Software configuration, and
- Vessel configuration survey;
- Hydrographic data collection using:
- Single beam echo sounders,
- Side scan sonars,
- Multibeam echo sounders, and
- Phase differencing swath bathymetry sonars;
- Hydrographic data collection and management using:
- HyPack, and
- Hydrographic survey specifications and reports.