The federal government is the single largest source of funding in education. Federal aid is primarily need-based assistance— financial aid that supplements a family's ability to fund a college education. Essentially, the government attempts to reduce the gap between college expenses and the amount of money a family is able to provide for the cost of higher education.
Federal aid is the most common type of financial aid awarded by Financial Aid Offices across the nation. A student’s eligibility for federal aid is determined by the information provided on the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA). Using the information on the FAFSA, the U.S. Department of Education determines a student’s Expected Family Contribution (EFC). This number is the amount that your family, according to the federal government, should be able to contribute toward a student’s higher education during the course of an academic year.
Federal aid includes the Pell Grant, Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant (SEOG), the Federal Work-Study Program, the Federal Direct Subsidized and Unsubsidized Loan Programs, and the Federal Direct PLUS Loan Program. These awards are considered federal funding and the maximum amounts offered in a student’s award package depend on the institution’s specific cost of education or are determined by federal regulation.
There are two types of Federal Direct Loans and a student's eligibility is determined after their Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) has been reviewed.
Loan-borrowing limits for each academic year are dependent upon the student's class level and can be found here.